Six things you need to know before making your final A-level choices
Whether you’ve already decided your A-levels for next year or you're struggling to decide, here are six pieces of advice to help you make the right A-level choices.
Already have some A-level subjects in mind? See where they'll take you with our A-level Explorer, including possible degree and career paths you could be embarking on.
What A-levels should you take?
Choosing a handful of subjects to take at A-level isn't a decision you should take lightly. The A-levels you pick now can impact what you do later, namely the courses you can apply to at university (and which universities will consider you).
That said, if you don't know what you want to do in the future, you can still make smart choices now that will leave you in the best position in two years' time – see what we say about facilitating subjects below.
Follow our six steps further down and you won't go wrong with your A-level choices...
Watch now: How to choose A-levels the right way
1. Taking certain A-level subjects will open up more university course options
Your teachers or careers adviser may talk to you about facilitating subjects; but what are they exactly?
Facilitating subjects are a handful of A-level subjects commonly asked for in universities’ entry requirements, regardless of the course you’re applying to – this makes them a good choice to keep your degree options open.
The facilitating subjects are:
- modern and classical languages
If you don’t know what you’ll want to study at university, it can pay off later to take one or two of these.
Be aware, some universities openly discourage students from taking certain combinations of A-level subjects, particularly when subjects are very similar like business studies and economics – something to bear in mind when you're making A-level choices.
And as you’ll see below, some degree subjects or specific universities will ask for certain A-level subjects in their entry requirements...
2. A-levels are a lot tougher than GCSEs
The reason you take a particular subject at A-level will come down to one (or more) of these three scenarios (usually):
- you need it to pursue a particular career
- it’s a subject you enjoy and are good at
- it’s a subject you’ve not studied before but you think will suit you
Either way, be prepared for a big jump in the level of difficulty when you transition from GCSE to AS-level (or any other Advanced level qualification for that matter).
You’ll also see differences in the way you’re taught and in what is expected of you.
If you're unhappy with any GCSE results, get clued up on how to appeal them.
3. Certain uni courses will look for specific A-levels
This is really important if you have a particular degree in mind. You won’t be able to apply to some degree courses without having taken some specific A-levels (and scored the right grades in them too, of course).
Below are a few examples to give you an idea of what to expect (some are no-brainers)…
- Pharmacy must have: chemistry, plus at least one from biology, maths and physics
- English must have: usually English literature, maybe English literature and language or English language
- Geology / earth sciences must have: at least two from maths, physics, chemistry and biology
- Economics sometimes need: maths, very rarely do you need economics
For more guidance on what to study at A-level to go on to particular degree subjects, see our full list of uni subjects for more information about their typical A-level requirements.
Tip: check out the full entry requirement details for a handful of courses across different unis to make sure you’re ticking all the boxes within your subject.
Search for a course now to see its full entry requirements and more.
4. Some courses and unis have lists of subjects they don’t accept
Particular courses – take, for instance, an architecture course at the University of Bath – will view certain A-levels as less effective preparation for university studies than others.
Similarly, some universities – such as the University of Sheffield – actually list which A-level subjects they prefer.
Others, like the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), have ‘non-preferred’ subject lists.
If your subject choices don’t match up, you shouldn’t necessarily discount the course, or be put off from taking a creative or vocational A-level subject you’re really interested in. Just make sure you're satisfying an entry requirements with the other A-level subjects you're taking.
Taking a subject such as history of art, classical civilisation, economics, geology, government and politics, law, media studies, philosophy, psychology, religious studies and sociology in conjunction with at least one (ideally two) of the facilitating subjects listed above shouldn’t be an issue, if you get the grades.
Are there easy A-levels?
This is a subjective question – what you find 'easy', another student may find difficult.
That said, results day 2018 revealed some interesting gender differences at a national level, with boys achieving higher grades in French, German and chemistry, while girls did better in ICT, Media/Film/TV studies and psychology. However, this is a broad comparison looking at one cohort of students; your own performance won't necessarily follow this trend.
You shouldn't look for A-levels to get an easy string of A grades anyway. Doing so may result in taking subjects you have no interest in, as well as restrict your future options.
As we've pointed out above, universities and courses will have subjects they require and those they don't accept. Keep this in mind, and choose subjects you enjoy and are good at.
5. Know myth from reality
Don’t take everything you hear at face value or based on what a friend/older sibling/girlfriend's hairdresser says – the reality might be quite different. It's always worth investigating things yourself so you get the full picture.
While entry requirements are often a minimum set of criteria you have to meet, a university may view you differently from another candidate based on your personal statement or your portfolio if your predicted grades just miss the mark. Don't rely on preconceived assumptions or what you hear through someone else from their experience. Double-check your facts with the university or department themselves.
- A-levels and AS-levels explained: including how new reforms affect you
6. Many unis and courses will consider you whatever you choose
Question: Accountancy, anthropology, archaeology, banking, business studies, classical civilisations, hospitality, information science, law, management, marketing, media studies, philosophy, politics, psychology, public relations, religious studies/theology, retail management, social work, sociology, surveying, television, travel and tourism…
What do these subjects have in common?
Answer: They will all consider a very wide range of A-level choices and do not normally have essential subject requirements! So don't get too bogged down in essential A-levels you have to take.
- The real story behind entry requirements: what they don't say on the surface
Alternatively, how not to choose your A-levels...There is indeed a wrong way to approach this decision. Avoid doing these when picking your A-level choices unless you want to regret them down the line.
Before you finalise your A-levels, see where they'll take you – try our A-level Explorer tool