How important are GCSE choices when it comes to university?
Choosing your GCSE subjects? While uni, a degree and a career may seem a long way off, they're worth keeping in mind when picking your GCSE options.
Here are some tips to pick the right GCSE subjects...
GCSE options do matterDig about a bit into the entry requirements of most university courses and there, sitting quietly alongside the A-level or other advanced course grades you need, will probably be a section on specific GCSE conditions.
In fact, following changes to A-levels in recent years, universities may well look at GCSEs more when making a decision about your application – especially when it comes to competitive subjects or universities eg medicine, law, Oxbridge etc.
English and maths (sometimes science) are the GCSEs that universities are most likely to be interested in – and you don’t get the option of dropping these. So whatever GCSEs you choose, you’ll still have a broad range of unis to make up your mind over (if you get the grades, that is).
Of course, there are a few exceptions to that rule…
- How to appeal a GCSE grade: if you don't get the results you expected, you might be able to get your exams remarked.
The GCSEs that will keep your uni options openKeep one eye on your future when you’re weighing up your options. Looking ahead to university courses, it might be that the route you want to go down requires specific A-level or Highers entry requirements.
Work back and you’ll realise how important your GCSE choices are. In fact, some schools and colleges will look for a good grade at GCSE in order for you to take the subject at A-level!
If you’re not sure what you want to take at uni – or maybe you’ve got a few ideas bubbling away – our list of degree subjects and the typical A-level requirements they ask for, will help get you thinking.
See where different A-levels can lead you - try our A-level Explorer
- A-levels and AS-levels, explained: what you take (and when), how grades are calculated and more.
How GCSEs have changedGCSEs are marked from 1-9, instead of the traditional A* to G:
The GCSE science conundrumGCSE science is a compulsory option, but you can choose to study it in different ways:
- Core: a single science GCSE, covering biology, chemistry and physics
- Double Award (or ‘Dual Award’): worth two GCSEs (Core and Additional), covering all three subjects in more depth
- Triple Award: three stand-alone GCSEs, one each in biology, chemistry and physics
Regardless of which one you take, you’ll cover all three subjects; the key difference is the depth you go into, the number of exams you take and the number of individual GCSE qualifications you come away with.
If you apply to a science subject at university – and by ‘science subject’ we mean medicine, nursing etc., as well as biology, chemistry and physics – the entry requirements for a course are likely to include some specifics around GCSEs.
For example, take a look at these Nursing BA degrees at different universities and what they ask for where it concerns GCSEs (as of January 2018):
University of Liverpool: 'Science Dual Award is acceptable. Core Science and Applied Science GCSEs will not be considered.’
Note, Applied Science GCSE (either single or double award) refers to a vocational alternative to those highlighted above.
Glasgow University: 'Applicants who do not possess chemistry as one of their two required science subjects at A-level must have GCSE chemistry at A or B.'
Edinburgh University: 'Biology at Grade B or 6, or Science Double Award at Grade BB or 66.'
From looking at these variations, your best bet would be to take either the Double or Triple Award to cover your bases and be in the best position later (grades permitting, of course).
What GCSEs do you need to apply to university? Search and see full entry requirements for a degree course or subject.
Can I still study something if I didn’t take it at GCSE?Yes, sometimes you can do an A-level without having studied it at GCSE – in the same way you don’t necessarily need to take a subject at A-level to study it at degree level.
- media studies
- religious studies
Opt for these subjects if you’re interested in them and think you’ll do well – but you won’t limit your options if you don’t.
Note that for some degree courses, universities may ask for a minimum grade for English, maths or science at GCSE.
For example, those applying to study Psychology at Edinburgh Napier University will need (as of January 2018) a grade 5/6 (formerly a B) in GCSE maths, on top of BBC at A-level – but you don’t specifically need any qualifications in psychology itself.
How to make smart GCSE choicesHere are a few pointers or how – and how not – to make the right GCSE choices:
- Choose your optional subjects because you think you’ll be good at them, and that they will interest you;
- If you’re not sure what you might want to take at university, ensure you’ve got a good mix of GCSE subjects – you could follow the English Baccalaureate model (taking English, maths, double science, history or geography and a modern or ancient language);
- Don’t choose subjects because you want to be with a best friend or an inspirational teacher – your friendship may change or that teacher may leave;
- If you’re already thinking about a particular type of course, take a look at the entry requirements for specific courses at different unis and work back from there.
GCSE choices: tips from current GCSE students
A couple of Year 10 students told us what they were enjoying most about their GCSE choices. What lessons can you learn from their experience when making your own GCSE choices?
Which subjects do you enjoy already? Is there something you want to learn more about?
I find [Triple Science] easy because I’m learning about stuff that I want to know and it’s answering my questions.
Perhaps a certain GCSE subject is linked to your interests outside of school?
Could one of your subjects help you in the future eg A-levels, university or even careers? This can motivate you to do your best.
Which subjects do you walk away smiling from? Are there any that challenge you in the right way?
But be careful: subjects can (and probably will) change and get more difficult.