So your GCSE results are in - what now? It all depends on what you want to do in the future, but those GCSE grades will help to shape your next steps.
Hopefully putting the hard work in throughout Year 11 has paid off and your GCSE results are what you were hoping for. Whatever your grades, now is a good time to start thinking ahead.
GCSE results just in? Read these essential things you need to know about your A-level choices and find out what A-levels you need to study different degrees.
Entry requirements for school and college sixth forms vary - ranging from four to five Cs, with perhaps Bs in the subjects you want to study, through to at least six As for the most selective colleges.
Your GCSE performance is usually a good indicator of how well you’ll do in A-level or other advanced studies – in fact, it’s the only real hard and fast evidence of your academic abilities a college has to go on. Many sixth forms use a scoring system, based on GCSE grades, to predict how well you’re likely to do (and from that, decide whether or not to accept you).
For instance, five Bs and five Cs at GCSEs could roughly translate to a predicted CCD at A-level, while straight As and A*s would suggest AAA is possible. The lower your GCSE grades, the lower you’ll be scored - which could limit the number of colleges and sixth forms open to you.
If you're worried your grades might not cut it with the sixth form or college you want to go to, see if they're prepared to be flexible - otherwise you may need to approach some alternatives.
Some sixth forms may say you can’t do a particular subject unless you’ve got an A grade in that subject at GCSE.
If your grades are mostly Cs, studying A-levels or Advanced Highers could be off limits altogether; a sixth form may offer you a vocational (ie a more practical and hands-on) course such as a BTEC Level 3 qualification instead.
The majority of university courses look for at least Cs in GCSE English, maths and perhaps science. Some university courses go further and ask for specific subjects at GCSE, with certain grades.
A management degree at the University of Leeds, for example, specifies that you must have at least Bs in English language and maths under your belt, while a psychology degree at the University of Bristol asks for ‘maths, English and science at grade B, but grade A preferred’.
Don’t let a disappointing GCSE performance put you off applying to the university course you really want, though – a good AS-level performance, for instance, could outweigh a set of weaker GCSE results. Students starting sixth form in September 2015 in England should note that the current government is planning to end AS-levels as part of the A-level so you will lose this 'second chance'.
Some of the top academic universities (often belonging to the Russell group of universities) will be asking for very high A-level grades – AAB or higher - for most courses.
Because of the assumed connection between your GCSE and A-level results, it’ll be down to you to prove you’re able to achieve top grades. Bs and Cs at GCSE are suggestive of Cs and Ds at A-level - which won’t be enough to get into some unis.
The more competitive the university and course, the higher the number of high-achieving students with top GCSE marks applying. Some courses actively state this in the prospectus – the Department of Law at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) says: ‘Most have already achieved excellent GCSE grades including the majority at A* and A’.
A career-related degree may also have subject-specific entry requirements:
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